Types of Saltwater Fishing- The Ultimate Guide

Types of Saltwater Fishing- The Ultimate Guide

types of saltwater fishing
types of saltwater fishing

Welcome to our section of types of saltwater fishing. In this section, you will learn about various saltwater fishing locations. Saltwater fishing is an exciting way to catch many different species of fish. It provides opportunities that you won’t be able to get in any other type of fishing.  With all different types of saltwater fishing, we will share you how each are different and what kind of strategy is best for different locations. Deciding where to fish will help you to know what saltwater fish species you can target.

There are mainly few types of saltwater fishing, if you want the ultimate fishing experience, learn more about the types of saltwater fishing to choose the right place to go.

  1. Surf Fishing: Saltwater Surf fishing is a great option to start your fishing trips with your friends and family. It is the type of fishing where you have to catch the fish in the shoreline. It can be done from different types of shores, sandy or rocky beaches, rock jetties or fishing piers. Head to the beach and look for the below areas. Find the areas where the waves break off of the shore. If you are not able to locate them by yourself, take help from fellow anglers.

You will find trough in the areas where the waves break, where the baitfish and crustaceans are often found frequently. You can also use a fish finder rig in these areas for species such as seatrout, flounder, bluefish, and pompano.

Jetties are also another good places to try surf fishing.  The rocks situated below the jetty areas are usually home to the baitfish that larger fish like to feed on. Waves create holes when they crash up against jetties. The holes are deeper than the ocean floor that attracts shellfish and baitfish that looks for calmer water to hide themselves. These hiding spots are the traps for predatory game fish which gives shore anglers better access to deeper water.

You can depend on inlet areas to find fish because there are two colliding bodies of moving water.  Inlets are often marked by the presence of other notable fishing features such as jetties, bridges, sandbars, sloughs and deep holes. This combination is an ideal scenario for surf fishing. You can easily find rips, troughs or bars where the fish wait to find their foods.

You can go for surf fishing at any time in the day or even at night. While surf fishing you can look at the movement of birds. Birds fly above slow moving baitfish areas which can help you to locate fish. Sea sparkle can also attract fishes, just throw the line inside the sea sparkle when you see it. Silence is also another important factor for fish to come closer to shore.
Choose a fishing rod between 2 and 4.5 meters for steady performance for surf fishing. You may choose different lengths depending on locations and the type of fish you are targeting. A small reel with a good drag power and good casting line would serve the purpose. Use fishing gear that are light, so that you don’t get tired easily and enjoy longer hours.

While surf fishing you’re never what you will get out from the ocean, so be prepared to catch a big fish too. Maintain some safety precaution while you fish as you might easily get hurt on a rock or a pier.


  1. Deep Sea Fishing: Deep sea fishing is a form of angling that involves going out into the sea and fishing in deep water. The water depth should be at least 30 meters and the fishing method is often called offshore boat fishing, big game fishing, and sports fishing.The deep sea is a recreation sport for the experienced anglers, it offers anglers a great opportunity to catch different types of fish species which are large in size than those are found in shallow water. Deep-sea water is a challenging task which requires enough knowledge, adequate planning and suitable fishing gear for the utmost atmosphere.Due to the number of various fish species available for deep sea fishing, there are many types of fishing tackle and gear that can be used. For deep sea fishing, you obviously need equipment that can meet rigors. Select heavy duty bait caster reel and longer and stronger fishing line. You also need sinkers that will guide the line to the very depth of the sea.

For offshore fishing, rocks, reefs, and wrecks are ideal places to find fish. Bottom fishing involves taking your bait and line all the way to the bottom of the sea. Those who have the passion for angling, deep sea offers a different kind of angling adventure for them.


  1. Saltwater Bay Fishing: Saltwater bays are large, with partially enclosed bodies of water which are prime areas to find saltwater fish. Reefs are the best places to choose when bay fishing. Hills and humps are aslo good spots to target fish as they offer a hiding place for them and usually increase or redirect the current. Depressions in the bottom of a bay, such as channels and holes, are the opposite of hills and humps.


Depending on the species being targeted, the area or structure you are fishing chooses the size of your reels and rods. 7-foot heavy action rod with a spinning reel or a baitcaster reel with a highly durable monofilament line may be used when bay fishing.

When looking for places to fish in a bay, remember to monitor the water temperature, structure, bait and current while paying attention to the weather conditions, and you’ll find fish.


Hope our article has helped you to gain knowledge about the types of saltwater fishing. Saltwater fishing is rougher than freshwater fishing, so before you jump into saltwater fishing get some experts tips from any experienced angler. You will need sturdy rods, reels and lines to hold up to that type of environment. Now you know the types of saltwater fishing, so it is easy for you to choose which type you plan before heading out. Be properly prepared and take along everything you need to ensure you have best fishing adventures possible. You will need to match your equipment for the areas where you plan on fishing.  Quality is important for both your rod and reel to prevent the salt air and the current of the waters from causing damage. Make sure all these point so that you can have a flawless fishing experience.



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